Flora Ionica

Checklist


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Valerianella locusta

[native]

Island distribution (first record)

   Othonoi

   Ereikoussa

   Mathraki

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherCorfu (Mazziari 1834a as Fedia locusta)

   Paxos (Sands 1980 as V. locusta)

   Antipaxos

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherLefkada (Gutermann 1997 as V. carinata)

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherMeganisi

   Kalamos

   Kastos

   Atokos

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherIthaka (Kehm 1996 as Polycarpon tetraphyllum)

   Echinades

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherCephalonia (Bornmüller 1928b as V. locusta verg. ad var. lasiocarpa)

!! !! ... approved by herbarium voucherZakynthos

   Strofades

Annotation: Valerianella locusta and V. carinata, often classified as species, are very similar: The former (»Lamb's Lettuce«, widely used as vegetable crop) differs only by the distinctive cork tissue developed on the back of the fertile locule of the fruit that appears therefore suborbicular in side view, while the fruits of V. carinata are oblong to prismatic (see photographs of the fruits!), with the fertile locule not corky. Genetically both fall into the same sub-cluster (Muminovic & al. 2004) in relation to other Valerianella species; most likely they are conspecific morphotypes (similar as other »species« pairs: cf. Devesa & al. 2005). »V. carinata«, or V. locusta f. carinata, is obviously the common type on the Ionian Islands (confirmed for Corfu, Lefkada, Meganisi, Ithaka, Cephalonia and Zakynthos), while f. locusta so far is only reported from Corfu, Paxos and Cephalonia.

Taxonomic references ("taxonyms")

linked to standard floras (PFB, FE, FE2, FH) and annotated checklists (AFE, VPG) giving direct reference to occurrences of plant taxa on the Ionian Islands:

PFB: Valerianella carinata, Valerianella locusta
FE: Valerianella carinata, Valerianella locusta
FE2: volume not published
AFE: volume not published
FH: volume not published
VPG: Valerianella locusta, Valerianella carinata